Ayurveda has long been a source of healing for a large number of people but it is much more than that. Panchkarma is a part of Ayurveda that is integral to its existence. Panchkarma consists of therapies that help detoxify the body. This is considered essential in the world of Ayurveda to live a healthy life.

Panchkarma cleanses the body as well as improves digestion and metabolism. Purvakarma (preparatory procedures), Pradhankarma (five important procedures) and Paschatkarma (follow up treatments) are the three steps of panchakarma. 

Purva karma

Purvakarma comes before pradhankarma and constitutes of oleation and formentation.


In this step, oily substances are applied on the body. A lot of different oils are a part of Ayurvedic therapies which provide a variety of benefits. The fatty substances used in the oil act as a medium to reach deeper lying cells and release toxins stuck in them.


Any  therapy by which sweat is generated is called a Fomentation therapy. Fomentation generally succeeds Oleation therapy as the tissues softened by it can become flexible allowing toxins to be cleared even from deep lying tissues after the Fomentation therapy.

The oleation and formentation therapies can be done in various ways, as mentioned below:

Pradhan karma

Pradhankarma comes after purva karma and constitutes the five procedures of Vaman, Virechan, Basti, Nasya and Rakta Mokshan.

Paschat karma

Paschat karma is the concluding phase of panchakarma. It involves re-establishment of the digestive enzymes and the replenishment of the body tissues that have been detoxified.

Paschat karma is further divided into two procedures, namely Samsarjankarma and Rasayana

Panchkarma is an integral part of Ayurveda as it provides various benefits like elimination of toxins, weight reduction, stress relief, and stronger immunity among many others.